Art Gallery of Time & Cereals Pavilion / Rural Culture DRC
Text description provided by the architects. Shang Village, located in Jixi City of Anhui Province, is both a national traditional village and a historical and cultural village, where many photography enthusiasts have been drawn to the scenery. The mountains are beautiful; however, the roads are hard and steep. Without any resources, the village is poor and hollow, and a large number of exquisite traditional buildings are not repaired in time, resulting in serious damage. A series of artistic activities in which we participate in the village to breathe new life and vitality into the old precarious houses and try to explore an important way to revive the traditional remote villages. Therefore, the design team made many creative implementations, without any funding, but thanks to the participation of the villagers, a large number of social practices and artistic activities were carried out.
In order to provide artists with a place to work and to attract more artists and designers to participate in Shang Village, two models were decided to build in the damaged houses: Time Art Gallery (model 1) and Grain-basking Pavilion (model 2). The first is used to exhibit the works of photographers or artists, but also as a place for meetings and communications; The latter is used to collect works and record historical events in the village. The cost of each house must be controlled to less than 15,000, and the main modern machinery and equipment cannot be used. The buildings should be suitable for manual construction by the villagers and the materials should be easy to clean and maintain, and the operating cost should be minimized, as well, the new rooms will conform to the styles of the traditional village and will not destroy not the campaign characteristics.
Model 1 ： Time Art Gallery for resistance to lateral forces. The weather, mentioned in ancient scriptures, is a nice pickup. Time Art Gallery is a place for recording life and art, which is among the bamboo shed, U-shaped hallway and Old Oil workshop, only one side is open. The main difficulty is therefore the instability of peripheral buildings. How to effectively withstand the horizontal forces of old walls on both sides and maintain good rigidity in cracks is the key problem that needs to be addressed.
Therefore, a safe nuclear structure system is adopted, which has no roots in the soil. A frame of small, dense columns and beams, which are only 50mm square steel at 1m intervals, supports the new lightweight roof. The beam structures are correctly removed at the level of the path and the stairs to provide a passage space of 1 m wide and 2 m high. The whole steel frame has good integrity, like a security booth, which is embedded in old residential buildings.
In order to save energy, the building is a semi-closed space, with the opening facing the position of the U-shaped corridor, where the wind can pass. And then, the gallery is cooled or heated by the wind from the corridor which is warm in winter and cool in summer. The roof is tiled by metal exterior shading to prevent direct sunlight in summer. The housing material is hollow solar panel, which has good thermal insulation performance. At the same time, bamboo and bamboo materials woven by villagers are added between the solar panels, which can achieve good sun protection effect.
It is an old saying in Anhui Province that water from all four sides must return to the yard. Thus, a small courtyard is designed inside the building. The yard is covered with earth, which can grow bamboo and pull grass. There are green plants inside the buildings. As you enter the room, you can see the upper and lower floors. The top layer is a circular corridor, which is essentially suspended by the roof structure; In the lower layer, four wooden columns are reserved in the original position to commemorate the past space.
Because the structure and the walls of the enclosure are so simple and pure that it is difficult to install lights. An allusion, flying light through the walls, arises. Since the house cannot have light, we can install lights on the neighbor’s walls. Thus, the lighting of the whole building is installed on the walls, and the transparent materials play the role of a “lampshade”. To reduce the load on the roof, special perforated metal plates were adopted, the hollow shapes of which are similar to tubular tiles. The light is transmitted and refracted through the perforated plates, with a beautiful effect of land separation, which is the understanding and interpretation of “time”.
Model 2 ： Grain licking horn for resistance to vertical pressure. Shang village has a long history and a non-governmental organization called “Cereal Collecting Association” is formed, similar to the primitive insurance company, ie to collect spare cereals from each family and allocate them to the villagers in the event of famine. The Cereal Association plays an important role in social governance and the organizer of all the villagers. The Pavilion of the Pickers takes its name from the meaning of the Association of Pickers: the works of all families and artists come together here to add the strength of art and culture, which can provide energy for development. from the village!
Different from the location of the Time Art Gallery, the Pavillon du Lézard site is open to any horizontal force. The roof is small and covered with Chinese style tiles which are the same as the surrounding houses and a bit heavy. To save money and materials, the pavilion is built in the same frame as the gallery, but how to support the vertical load is the key issue that needs to be addressed.
The grain pavilion is a very small building, which does not have dense columns and beams. To strengthen the vertical bearing capacity, a steel shelf was placed in the center of the house, as a core, which can not only increase the rigidity of the structure, but also support the ridge of the roof.
The steel shelf provides a sunny, two-story high atrium where daylight can be seen and the air can be dried. The physical conditions are suitable for storing artists’ works and books. The vertical connection is a steep wooden staircase, which partly resembles a sutra pavilion. The surrounding villages become very misty against the sun. The grain pavilion is the perfect place to bask in grains, so we used small colorful beads instead of grains inside the panels, which gives the black and white village of Anhui province color. more wonderful.
The experience of a light steel frame is more like a device than a building, more like a repair than a new structure, with not too much cost and construction. A dry, temporary and experimental workspace is provided. This light intervention offers a possibility of substitution and replacement, and an environmentally friendly construction method in nature. The frame is something like scaffolding or guards, which will unlock more possibilities when more funds are earned in the future.